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For your knowledge advantage, we put together the most actionable insights from 3 getAbstract summaries (3 books with a total of 668 pages) on this topic. If you did this work yourself, you would be busy for at least 798 minutes (about 14 hours). Learn more.

How to Achieve Psychological Safety

Psychological safety enhances team performance and your organization’s ability to remain competitive. It can be achieved in four stages.

How to Achieve Psychological Safety

Each and every one of us knows colleagues who are at risk of failing in their daily wrestling with all kinds of problems. They are constantly out of breath, but still can’t get off the ground – and psychologically chafe at it. They can, themselves, change something about the situation, but the greater leverage is in the environment they work in.

If you take the following four steps seriously, you will create a different corporate culture – one in which you and your colleagues can move forward.

1. Prioritize Inclusion – Which Creates a Sense of Belonging

Pay attention: Have you ever actively sidelined the colleague you thought of while reading the above paragraph? No? Congratulations. However, most of the time we are not even aware of these exclusions. It doesn’t matter whether you sometimes think you’re better, someone was niggling, or just “made a joke” – what was intended is less important here than how it was received.

Image of: Diversity, Equity and Inclusion

Diversity, Equity and Inclusion

Diversity, equity and inclusion are crucial aspects of every company’s recruitment and retention strategy. Understanding DEI helps your employees work well together and…

Open Channel

Learn more about the many varieties of active and passive exclusion, and do something about it. Start with being more aware. And if you notice that others are behaving in a problematic way: Tell them!

2. Create an Environment That Encourages Curiosity and Learning

You have probably heard of the international companies McKinsey and Novartis. You may also know that these companies have been around for a long time – and are still going from strength to strength. What is their secret? These companies’ heads of learning have disclosed their knowledge to us – so let your curiosity run free:

3. Offer Autonomy Based on Performance

At the “contributor safety” stage, it’s time for employees to get off the bench and into the game. Leaders must offer workers the chance to contribute to their teams in self-directed ways; at the same time, workers must accept the responsibility to perform. Individuals shoulder more responsibility at this stage, yet leaders must continue to invest in these people, and the team culture, to cultivate their drive to succeed. So, instead of offering contests or prizes, encourage your employees by enabling them to gain autonomy. That is the secret to motivation.

Image of: Why Motivating People Doesn’t Work...and What Does
Book Summary

Why Motivating People Doesn’t Work…and What Does

Using a carrot-or-stick approach to motivate people creates more problems than it solves.

Susan Fowler Berrett-Koehler Publishers
Read Summary
  • Offer independence.
  • Relate to them as human beings.
  • Help them grow professionally and personally.
  • Don’t worry about what they can do for you.
  • Worry about what you can do for them.

In that environment, your employees will become more motivated to perform better. When you offer autonomy, relate to them as people and encourage their competence, employees will respond. That’s simple human nature.

4. Protect Employees Who Challenge the Status Quo

At this stage, teams not only contribute, but they also have the confidence – and permission – to challenge current processes and ideologies. Respect and permission combine to create a culture in which exploration and experimentation thrive. Since individuals risk the most at this level, leaders must provide protection, and they need to be able to give – and receive – criticism.

Image of: The Truth Doesn’t Have to Hurt
Book Summary

The Truth Doesn’t Have to Hurt

Performance consultant Deb Bright shows you how to become more proficient at giving and even receiving criticism.

Deb Bright AMACOM
Read Summary


  • Criticism is not always negative.
  • Sometimes you can use it to help a good performer reach an even higher level.
  • For criticism to be effective, leaders need to create an organizational culture that accepts it.
  • Mutual trust and respect help nourish a workplace that embraces and appreciates criticism.
  • Create unambiguous relationship boundaries, and set shared goals and priorities.
  • People working in a trusting atmosphere understand that criticism can help them and won’t question givers’ motives.

The framework of this article is based on insights taken from the following abstract:

Image of: The 4 Stages of Psychological Safety
Book Summary

The 4 Stages of Psychological Safety

Unleash your employees’ untapped potential by offering them the freedom to learn, engage and innovate.

Timothy R. Clark Berrett-Koehler Publishers
Read Summary
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3 We have curated the most actionable insights from 3 summaries for this feature.
3 We read and summarized 3 books with 668 pages for this article.
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